Winter Landscape

Ruisdael is considered one of the greatest Dutch landscape painters. Of the nearly 700 paintings in his oeuvre, this work, signed in the lower left, is one of only about thirty winter scenes. Here Ruisdael aptly captured the hushed, late afternoon chill of a Dutch winter’s day. Every element serves to intensify the mood, including […]

The Crucifixion

Rembrandt excelled in the technique of etching. Like engraving, etching is an intaglio printmaking method, meaning that the image is incised below the surface of the plate (as opposed to relief prints, such as woodcuts). Etched lines are not cut with a burin, but are bitten with acid. The copper plate is covered with an […]

Diana at the Bath

Diana, the Roman goddess of the hunt, sits on the edge of a riverbank. The quiver filled with arrows beside her and the woodland setting help the viewer identify the subject. The original drawing for this print is still extant. The drawing reveals that the outlines of the figure were pressed through onto the ground […]

Still Life of Flowers, Fruit, Shells, and Insects

Still-life paintings are an important and much-admired type in seventeenth-century Dutch art. Van der Ast is considered a master of the “combined” still life composition; he had an exceptional ability to join flowers, fruit, and exotic shells into one powerful image. Although the placement of elements appears casual, it is instead highly deliberate. This painting […]

Christ Presented to the People (Ecce Homo)

This print is one of the most famous in the history of printmaking because of the many reworkings it underwent. It was made entirely in drypoint (lines drawn with a needle directly onto the copper plate, rather than onto a ground of wax or resin covering the plate) and progressed through numerous states. Earlier states included a […]