Madonna and Christ Child with Infant Saint John the Baptist and Three Angels

This composition, known in a number of variants, was extremely popular in the late 1480s and early 1490s. It probably derives from a prototype by Domenico Ghirlandaio (1448/9-1494), master of one of the largest and most important workshops in late fifteenth-century Florence. The high quality of this painting suggests Mainardi (Ghirlandaio’s brother-in-law) likely painted it […]

Bishop Saint and Saint Francis of Assisi

The bishop in this panel is unidentifiable, but St. Francis is distinguished by his simple brown habit and the stigmata, or marks of the five wounds of Christ’s crucifixion, which St. Francis is documented as receiving in 1224. Based on the presence of St. Francis here and St. Lucy in the related painting, a possible […]

Crucifixion with the Virgin Mary, St. John the Evangelist, and St. Mary Magdalene

This intimate portrayal of Christ’s death on the cross probably formed the right wing of a diptych, or two-paneled altarpiece. The left wing would most likely have depicted a Madonna and Child. The diminutive size of the panel suggests the possibility that the diptych was meant to be portable, for use in a domestic or […]

Christ as Man of Sorrows

Marco Zoppo was born in Cento, close to Bologna. During his career, Zoppo’s work took him to Padua, Bologna, and Venice. His paintings reveal intimate knowledge of the work of Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini. In particular Bellini’s devotional paintings from the 1460s exerted a strong influence on Zoppo, who in turn became known for […]