This print is a proof, an impression taken while work on the print was still in progress. It is one of a small number of proofs from Goltzius and his workshop. The figures on the three crosses and of the Virgin Mary are lightly sketched in, while John the Evangelist in the foreground, who looks up to Christ, is more fully completed. This is a very fine impression, with all of the rapidly etched areas cleanly printed. Proofs are greatly valued, as they offer an understanding of the creative process of the artist.
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- Titles The Crucifixion (Proper)
- Artist Circle of, Hendrick Goltzius, Dutch, 1558 - 1617
- Medium unfinished engraving
- Dimensions sheet: 5 × 4 15/16 in. (12.7 × 12.5 cm) plate (diameter): 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm) mat: 20 × 16 in. (50.8 × 40.6 cm)
- Credit Line Museum purchase with funds provided by the Dukes of the Beaux Arts Krewe Ball 2006 in honor of Neal R. Berte, Ph.D., 2006.4
- Work Type print
- Classification Prints
- Signature Unsigned
- Marks Watermark: gate between two towers above a coat-of-arms with letters BM Collector's stamp, verso, in red ink: DUBLETTE / * DER * / ALBERTINA [Lugt 5g] Collector's stamp, verso, in purple ink: A B [in shield with flowers, Lugt 79b]
- Inscription Recto, in plate, bottom left, printed: HGoltzius / Fecit Verso, lower left, in pencil: G [script] Lower right, in pencil: 6425 Lower right, in pencil: r7[?] 15036
- Provenance Albertina, Vienna, deaccessioned, between 1922-1925 [see note 1]; auctioned at Die Werke von vierzig Hauptmeistern alter Graphik aus den Dubletten der Kupferstichsammlung Albertina in Wien: Dubletten des Brittischen Museums in London, C. G. Boerner, Leipzig, May 25-27, 1925, lot 659. Dr. Albert Blum (1882-1952), Switzerland and Short HIlls, New Jersey [see note 2]. Dealer C. G. Boerner, New York; purchased by the Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama, 2006
1. Lugt 5g
2. Lugt 79b