The Temple of Flora is among the most renowned of the great botanical books. The thirty-one plates were produced by a complex variety of techniques, including aquatint, mezzotint, stipple, and line engraving. The impressions were printed in color and finished by hand. Aquatint is an etching technique in which grains of powdered resin are sprinkled onto a metal plate, which is then dipped in acid for varying amounts of time to produce lighter and darker wash tones.
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- Titles The Blue Passion Flower, from The Temple of Flora (Proper)@New Illustration of the Sexual System of Carolus von Linnaeus by Robert Thornton (Book)
- Artist Published by, Robert John Thornton, British, about 1768 - [email protected] by, James Caldwell, English, 1739 - [email protected] a painting by, Philip Reinagle, British, active London 1749 - died 1833, London
- Medium aquatint, mezzotint, and stipple engraving, printed in color and finished by hand (state 2? of 3)
- Dimensions sheet (irregular): 22 3/8 × 17 3/4 in. (56.8 × 45 cm) plate: 20 1/4 × 15 1/16 in. (51.4 × 38.3 cm) image: 18 1/4 × 13 15/16 in. (46.4 × 35.4 cm) mat: 30 × 24 in. (76.2 × 61 cm)
- Credit Line Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Douglas Hyland in honor of Mrs. R. Hugh Daniel and Mrs. James A. Livingston, 1988.94.1
- Work Type print
- Classification Prints
- Signature Unsigned
- Marks None
- Inscription Recto, in plate, below image left: Reinagle pinx t[superscript]. In plate, below image right: Caldwall sculp t[superscript]. In plate, below image center: The Blue Passion Flower. / [smaller font] London, Published by D r[superscript]. Thornton, Jan y[superscript]. 1800. Verso: none
- Provenance Margaret N. Debardeleben, Birmingham
Purchased from Clements Auction Gallery, Chattanooga (in Birmingham), September 17, 1988