Open Content Program
The Birmingham Museum of art makes available digital images of works in the Museum’s collection believed to be in the public domain. Images are available free of charge for any use, commercial or non-commercial. Users do not need to contact the Museum for authorization to use these images. They are available through the Online Collection at artsbma.org/collection. See detailed instructions for specific work types below.
Identifying Open Content Images
The mission of the Birmingham Museum of Art is to spark the creativity, imagination, and liveliness of Birmingham by connecting all its citizens to the experience, meaning, and joy of art. The Museum understands that by sharing images of works online without restrictions, the BMA collection becomes more accessible to a larger audience.
For objects with images the rights status is displayed in the “credit line” section of the object information. The rights status or rights holder will be indicated. If the work is in the public domain and/or the image may be downloaded, the download icon will appear in the bottom right corner of the image area. To search the collection click here.
Works With Restrictions
For copyright-protected images that have been approved by copyright holders, a presentation-sized image is available, but can not be downloaded. A copyright statement clearly listing the name of the copyright holder is visible in the credit line area when the image is displayed. Thumbnail-sized images of copyrighted works are displayed under fair use.
When the owner of a work is impossible to determine or contact, the work is deemed an orphan work. The Museum will make thumbnails of orphan works available. If you are the representative or rights holder of an orphan work, please contact Rights and Reproductions.
Please use the following source credit when reproducing an Open Content image: Courtesy Birmingham Museum of Art, followed by the credit line provided in the object description.
Although there are no restrictions or conditions of the use of an Open Content image, the BMA would appreciate a gratis copy of any scholarly publication(s) in which the images are reproduced in order to maintain collection bibliography. Copies may be sent to the attention of:
Open Content Program
Digital Media Department
The Birmingham Museum of Art
2000 Rev. Abraham Woods Jr. Blvd
Birmingham, AL 35203
- If an image is not available under Open Content it may be because the work is still under copyright, the work is not owned by the museum, or the work has not yet been photographed to BMA standards.
- Request Images: If an image of a work is not available online or is under copyright, you may submit a request through our online request form. You may also request files in additional sizes or formats. A fee will be charged for this service.
- Our determination of public domain is made in good faith.
- Electronic records are based on historical information and may not be the Museum’s complete or current knowledge about an object. Research is ongoing.
- The ‘On View’ status may be delayed on the website by 24 hours. Please check with our Rights and Registration Office to confirm that a work of art will be on view before traveling to the Museum.
- Titles Louis-Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duc de Penthièvre (Former title)
- Artist After, Jean-Marc Nattier, French, 1685 - 1766
- Medium oil on canvas
- Dimensions 31 7/8 × 25 5/8 in. (81 × 65.1 cm) frame: 39 × 33 1/8 × 3 7/8 in. (99.1 × 84.1 × 9.8 cm)
- Credit Line Gift of Mrs. Sam Phillips, 1979.61
- Work Type painting
- Classification Paintings
- On View
- Signature None
- Marks None
- Inscription Verso, right stretcher bar, upper center, white crayon: JOA[illegible, possibly JOAN] WATER Verso, vertical strainer, top, black crayon: 32 o / 25 3/ Verso, vertical strainer, center top, yellow crayon: 42 Verso, vertical strainer, center, white chalk: AARONSON Verso, vertical strainer, center, white chalk: 30 [possibly 36] Verso, top frame rail, center left, engraved with pen: 76.61 Verso, top frame rail, center left, printed metal sticker: PROPERTY OF / Bham Museum [etched] / IDENT. NO. / 640 79-61 [etched] Verso, right frame rail, upper right, ink on small white, circular sticker: 10
- Provenance Possibly with dealer Joseph Duveen, London/Paris/New York [see note 1]. Madame Camille Lelong (1840-1902), née Laurentine-Françoise Bernage, Paris; auctioned at her posthumus sale Objets d'art et d'ameublement des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles, Georges Petit, Paris, May 11-15, 1903, lot 543; purchased by dealer Jacques Seligmann & Cie, Paris [see note 2]; purchased by Jacob H. (1847-1920) and Therese (1854-1933, née Loeb) Schiff in 1909 [see note 3]; offered at her posthumous sale Valuable Oil Paintings, American Art Association - Anderson Galleries, New York, Dec. 7-9, 1933, lot 72 [see note 4]. Paintings of Various Schools, American Art Association - Anderson Galleries, New York, January 18, 1934. Lot 50. Likely in the collection of Samuel J. Aronsohn (1873-1957), Paterson, NJ, and/or his son, Harold N. Aronsohn (1897-1973), New York [see note 5]. probably inherited by Patricia Alice Grimes Phillips (1923-2003), New York; gift to the Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama, 1979
1. According to a December 5, 1984 letter from former BMA curator Ted Weeks, 1979.61 “originally came from Duveen.” This could not be further substantiated.
2. Seligmann's purchase recorded in Journal des débats politiques et littéraires, May 13, 1903, p. 3.
3. The Schiffs purchased the painting from Seligmann in 1909 according to the 1933 auction catalog, see following.
4. The painting remained unsold according to an annotation in the copy of the auction catalog at the Watson Library (Metropolitan Museum of Art).
5. “AARONSON” is written in white crayon down the vertical strainer of 1979.61. The next known owner, Patricia Alice Grimes Phillips, was the step-granddaughter of Samuel Aronsohn and the step-daughter of Harold Aronsohn. The painting may have passed to Mrs. Phillips from her grandfather through her mother-in-law, Tess Aronsohn Phillips, or from her step-father.