Open Content Program
The Birmingham Museum of art makes available digital images of works in the Museum’s collection believed to be in the public domain. Images are available free of charge for any use, commercial or non-commercial. Users do not need to contact the Museum for authorization to use these images. They are available through the Online Collection at artsbma.org/collection. See detailed instructions for specific work types below.
Identifying Open Content Images
The mission of the Birmingham Museum of Art is to spark the creativity, imagination, and liveliness of Birmingham by connecting all its citizens to the experience, meaning, and joy of art. The Museum understands that by sharing images of works online without restrictions, the BMA collection becomes more accessible to a larger audience.
For objects with images the rights status is displayed in the “credit line” section of the object information. The rights status or rights holder will be indicated. If the work is in the public domain and/or the image may be downloaded, the download icon will appear in the bottom right corner of the image area. To search the collection click here.
Works With Restrictions
For copyright-protected images that have been approved by copyright holders, a presentation-sized image is available, but can not be downloaded. A copyright statement clearly listing the name of the copyright holder is visible in the credit line area when the image is displayed. Thumbnail-sized images of copyrighted works are displayed under fair use.
When the owner of a work is impossible to determine or contact, the work is deemed an orphan work. The Museum will make thumbnails of orphan works available. If you are the representative or rights holder of an orphan work, please contact Rights and Reproductions.
Please use the following source credit when reproducing an Open Content image: Courtesy Birmingham Museum of Art, followed by the credit line provided in the object description.
Although there are no restrictions or conditions of the use of an Open Content image, the BMA would appreciate a gratis copy of any scholarly publication(s) in which the images are reproduced in order to maintain collection bibliography. Copies may be sent to the attention of:
Open Content Program
Digital Media Department
The Birmingham Museum of Art
2000 Rev. Abraham Woods Jr. Blvd
Birmingham, AL 35203
- If an image is not available under Open Content it may be because the work is still under copyright, the work is not owned by the museum, or the work has not yet been photographed to BMA standards.
- Request Images: If an image of a work is not available online or is under copyright, you may submit a request through our online request form. You may also request files in additional sizes or formats. A fee will be charged for this service.
- Our determination of public domain is made in good faith.
- Electronic records are based on historical information and may not be the Museum’s complete or current knowledge about an object. Research is ongoing.
- The ‘On View’ status may be delayed on the website by 24 hours. Please check with our Rights and Registration Office to confirm that a work of art will be on view before traveling to the Museum.
- Titles Judith (Proper)
- Artist Possibly, School of Guido Reni, Italy, Bologna 1575 - 1642 Bologna
- Medium oil on canvas
- Dimensions 43 3/4 x 35 3/4 in. (111.1 x 90.8 cm) frame: 54 3/8 × 46 3/8 × 3 1/4 in. (138.1 × 117.8 × 8.3 cm)
- Credit Line Gift of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, 1961.118
- Work Type painting
- Classification Paintings
- On View
- Signature None
- Marks None
- Inscription Verso, left frame rail, bottom left, typed label: OWNER / S. H. KRESS / 1707 [in ink] / Kress 116 / ARTIST RENI, GUIDO / TITLE Judith [RENI, GUIDO faintly underneath] / National Gallery of Art
- Provenance Graf Friedrich Wilhelm von Redern (1802-1896), Berlin [see note 1]. Otto Wesendonk (1815-1896), Berlin [see note 2]; by bequest to his son, Dr. K. von Wesendonck, Berlin, and Prof. Fr. W. von Bissing, Munich; on loan to the Provincial Museum, Bonn, by 1909 through at least 1934 [see note 3]; auctioned by Kunsthaus Lempertz, Cologne, with the Otto Wesendonk sale, November 27, 1935, p. 26 no. 88; Ludwig Fürst (1887-1950), New York; purchased by Samuel H. Kress (1863-1955), New York, April 27, 1950 as Guido Reni; on loan to the Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama, 1952; gift of the Kress Foundation to the Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama, 1961
1. William E. Suida, Birmingham Museum of Art: The Samuel H. Kress Collection (Birmingham: Birmingham Museum of Art, 1952), p. 59 and a report prepared by Amy Walsh and dated January 24, 2006. The first mention of Redern's ownership is in Walter Cohen, Katalog der Gemäldegalerie vorwiegend Sammlung Wesendonk (Bonn: Friedrich Cohen, 1914), p. 10. See object file.
2. According to the bill of sale from Fürst to the Kress Foundation dated April 27, 1950. See object file.
3. According to Walter Cohen, Katalog der Gemäldegalerie (Bonn: Friedrich Cohen, 1927), p. 108-109 and Paola della Pergola, “Guido Reni,” Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Ed. Hans Vollmer (Leipzig: Veb E.A. Seemann Verlag, 1934), 28: p. 163.