Black jasper medallion with white relief profile portrait of John Locke 1632 1704 was an English philosopher and physician widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the Father of LiberalismConsidered one of the first of the British empiricists following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon he is equally important to social contract theory His work greatly affected the development of epistemology and political philosophy His writings influenced Voltaire and Jean Jacques Rousseau many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers as well as the American revolutionaries His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence

John Locke


About 1800