Large silver hot water urn on square base with four ball feet, the edges reeded, resting on round foot with two reeded bands encircling the foot, on short stem the bulbous body plain, with two, round hinged handles and wide band of reeding at the shoulder, extending from the lower body is a long, reeded spigot with ivory knob, the elegantly domed cover with central band of reeding and ball finial, on one side of the cover engraved the arms of the Stephens family impaled with the arms of the Lugg family, with badge above (a rampant lion left); inside the urn is a long tube with domed cover and ball finial that inserts into a ring to hold it upright, to contain hot coal with which to keep the water hot.

Hot Water Urn

Thomas Daniell

1790-1791

This silversmith was free by patrimony in 1771. The term free indicates the year in which the silversmith received the freedom of a city company, usually the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths in London. Freedom, which guaranteed certain privileges, could be earned in one of two ways: through the completion of an apprenticeship; or by inheritance or patrimony. Once free, the goldsmith was at libery to practice his trade and to enter a maker’s mark in the registers of the Goldsmiths’ Company.