Perhaps no American painter has been more associated with winter landscapes than the Impressionist John Henry Twachtman. When he died in 1902, his New York Times obituary declared, “No one has surpassed him in the painting of Winter landscapes, for while he knew how to render the delicate colors of tree and shrub against their white surroundings, his brush had the power to suggest the softness and fleecy quality of snow which has fallen recently and still clings to bough and stalk.” Here, Twachtman paints Horseneck Brook, a stream that cut through the artist’s seventeen-acre estate in Greenwich, Connecticut. The painting, which was probably painted en plein air (French for “in the open air”) is inscribed to Twachtman’s friend and neighbor Helen Irene Curtis, whose own home was just a mile’s walk from his. Curtis probably met Twachtman through her aunt, Mary French, who was married to Twachtman’s close friend, the artist John Ferguson Weir.
Open Content Program
The Birmingham Museum of art makes available digital images of works in the Museum’s collection believed to be in the public domain. Images are available free of charge for any use, commercial or non-commercial. Users do not need to contact the Museum for authorization to use these images. They are available through the Online Collection at artsbma.org/collection. See detailed instructions for specific work types below.
Identifying Open Content Images
The mission of the Birmingham Museum of Art is to spark the creativity, imagination, and liveliness of Birmingham by connecting all its citizens to the experience, meaning, and joy of art. The Museum understands that by sharing images of works online without restrictions, the BMA collection becomes more accessible to a larger audience.
For objects with images the rights status is displayed in the “credit line” section of the object information. The rights status or rights holder will be indicated. If the work is in the public domain and/or the image may be downloaded, the download icon will appear in the bottom right corner of the image area. To search the collection click here.
Works With Restrictions
For copyright-protected images that have been approved by copyright holders, a presentation-sized image is available, but can not be downloaded. A copyright statement clearly listing the name of the copyright holder is visible in the credit line area when the image is displayed. Thumbnail-sized images of copyrighted works are displayed under fair use.
When the owner of a work is impossible to determine or contact, the work is deemed an orphan work. The Museum will make thumbnails of orphan works available. If you are the representative or rights holder of an orphan work, please contact Rights and Reproductions.
Please use the following source credit when reproducing an Open Content image: Courtesy Birmingham Museum of Art, followed by the credit line provided in the object description.
Although there are no restrictions or conditions of the use of an Open Content image, the BMA would appreciate a gratis copy of any scholarly publication(s) in which the images are reproduced in order to maintain collection bibliography. Copies may be sent to the attention of:
Open Content Program
Digital Media Department
The Birmingham Museum of Art
2000 Rev. Abraham Woods Jr. Blvd
Birmingham, AL 35203
- If an image is not available under Open Content it may be because the work is still under copyright, the work is not owned by the museum, or the work has not yet been photographed to BMA standards.
- Request Images: If an image of a work is not available online or is under copyright, you may submit a request through our online request form. You may also request files in additional sizes or formats. A fee will be charged for this service.
- Our determination of public domain is made in good faith.
- Electronic records are based on historical information and may not be the Museum’s complete or current knowledge about an object. Research is ongoing.
- The ‘On View’ status may be delayed on the website by 24 hours. Please check with our Rights and Registration Office to confirm that a work of art will be on view before traveling to the Museum.
- Titles Horseneck Brook (Proper)
- Artist John Henry Twachtman, American, 1853 - 1902
- Medium oil and wash on academy board
- Dimensions 11 3/4 x 18 1/4 in. (29.8 x 46.4 cm) frame: 19 7/8 × 27 × 2 1/2 in. (50.5 × 68.6 × 6.4 cm)
- Credit Line Museum purchase with funds provided by Mrs. Bernard Steiner, 1983.32
- Work Type painting
- Classification Paintings
- On View
- Inscription signed LR: J. H. Twachtman
- Provenance Helen Irene Curtis Park (1884-1931), Greenwich, Connecticut; inherited by her husband, Halford Woodward Park (1884-1953), Greenwich, Connecticut; inherited by his son, Halford Woodward Park, Jr. (1918-1997), Old Greenwich, Connecticut [see note 1]; purchased by Spanierman Gallery, Inc., New York, 1982 [see note 2]; purchased by Birmingham Museum of Arts, Alabama, 1983
1. According to correspondence dated December 20, 1982 between Halford W. Park, Old Greenwich and Ira Spanierman, New York. This information is restated by Lisa N. Peters, John Henry Twachtman Catalogue Raisonné in a letter to Gail Andrews, Birmingham Museum of Art dated December 15, 2009. See object file.
2. According to Ira Spanierman, Inc, New York invoice dated April 6, 1983. See object file.