The painter Theodore Butler trained in New York, but-like many American artists of the period-was drawn to France to continue his studies. Butler made his way to Giverny, where he studied with the Impressionist master Claude Monet, with whom he developed an intense friendship. Butler settled permanently in Giverny in 1892, marrying Monet’s stepdaughter, Suzanne Hoschedé. In 1900, following Suzanne’s death, Butler married her sister, Marthe.
Butler returned to New York in 1913, where his work was exhibited at the Armory Show. Due to the outbreak of World War I the following year, the artist was forced to remain in the United States. This painting, one of Butler’s few canvases to refer to the war, was painted in October of 1918, during an Allied flag celebration on New York’s Fifth Avenue.