This print, combining botanical illustrations with city views or garden scenes, is from a book published in Nuremberg about citrus fruits and flowers. The prints were engraved by a variety of artists. The eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth centuries are the Golden Age of botanical prints.
Open Content Program
The Birmingham Museum of art makes available digital images of works in the Museum’s collection believed to be in the public domain. Images are available free of charge for any use, commercial or non-commercial. Users do not need to contact the Museum for authorization to use these images. They are available through the Online Collection at artsbma.org/collection. See detailed instructions for specific work types below.
Identifying Open Content Images
The mission of the Birmingham Museum of Art is to spark the creativity, imagination, and liveliness of Birmingham by connecting all its citizens to the experience, meaning, and joy of art. The Museum understands that by sharing images of works online without restrictions, the BMA collection becomes more accessible to a larger audience.
For objects with images the rights status is displayed in the “credit line” section of the object information. The rights status or rights holder will be indicated. If the work is in the public domain and/or the image may be downloaded, the download icon will appear in the bottom right corner of the image area. To search the collection click here.
Works With Restrictions
For copyright-protected images that have been approved by copyright holders, a presentation-sized image is available, but can not be downloaded. A copyright statement clearly listing the name of the copyright holder is visible in the credit line area when the image is displayed. Thumbnail-sized images of copyrighted works are displayed under fair use.
When the owner of a work is impossible to determine or contact, the work is deemed an orphan work. The Museum will make thumbnails of orphan works available. If you are the representative or rights holder of an orphan work, please contact Rights and Reproductions.
Please use the following source credit when reproducing an Open Content image: Courtesy Birmingham Museum of Art, followed by the credit line provided in the object description.
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Open Content Program
Digital Media Department
The Birmingham Museum of Art
2000 Rev. Abraham Woods Jr. Blvd
Birmingham, AL 35203
- If an image is not available under Open Content it may be because the work is still under copyright, the work is not owned by the museum, or the work has not yet been photographed to BMA standards.
- Request Images: If an image of a work is not available online or is under copyright, you may submit a request through our online request form. You may also request files in additional sizes or formats. A fee will be charged for this service.
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- Titles Cotyledon Africana frutescens - Der Messing-Hammer bei Lauffenholtz (The Messing-Hammer near Lauffenholtz) from "Nürnbergische Hesperides" (Proper)
- Artist Johann Christoph Volckhamer, German, 1662 - 1720
- Medium engraving with watercolor
- Dimensions sheet (irregular): 13 9/16 × 8 1/2 in. (34.4 × 21.6 cm) plate: 12 7/8 × 12 7/8 in. (32.7 × 32.7 cm) image: 12 7/16 × 7 13/16 in. (31.6 × 19.8 cm) mat: 20 × 16 in. (50.8 × 40.6 cm)
- Credit Line Gift of Dr. Hughes Kennedy III in honor of Douglas K. S. Hyland, 1989.298
- Work Type print
- Classification Prints
- Signature None
- Marks None
- Inscription Recto, in plate, above image right, printed: pag: 228. In plate, center, in ribbon, printed: Cotyledon Africana frutescens In plate, lower left, printed: Der Meßing-Hammer / bey Lauffenholtz. Bottom right corner, in pencil: -100 Verso, top center, in pencil: H Upper right, in pencil: 1703 / Ca 1714 / 15ºº