Oval blue jasper medallion with white relief profile portrait of Catherine II (The Great), (1729-1796), was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader and arguably the most renowned (although Peter the Great was the only Tsar officially designated as "The Great"[citation needed]). She came to power following a coup d'état when her husband, Peter III, was assassinated. Russia was revitalised under her reign, growing larger as well as stronger in military terms and becoming recognised as one of the great powers of Europe.

Catherine II

Wedgwood

About 1790